Accommodating Diversity and Federalism: A Comparative Analysis of Nigeria and India

Accommodating Diversity and Federalism: A Comparative Analysis of Nigeria and India

ABSTRACT

Despite being among the largest federations in the world, Nigeria and India both have a completely distinct approach to federalism. While Nigeria’s centralized federalism has strengthened the exclusive, elite element already evident in its election and party systems, India’s decentralized federalism is favorable for power sharing. Nigerian federalism, on the other hand, has grown in a way that impedes democracy. India has an overwhelming level of diversity. Even by themselves, religion and language exhibit a genuinely astounding diversity. India’s most remarkable asset and greatest problem are both diversity. Federalism was seen by the designers of the Indian constitution as a means of including this diversity in the process of constructing the country. It expressed and formalized the democratic, pluralistic, and politically stable principles that they themselves had for an independent India. In light of this, it appears that the federal character of diversity (cultural, ethnic, linguistic, and religious) in both nations is robust. Similar to one other, both nations are dealing with a variety of difficulties in preserving their diverse identity through constitutional provisions and meeting popular expectations.

The relationship between diversity and federalism in Nigeria and India is examined in this essay. The study examines how both nations deal with diversity issues and preserve their federal nature. The study continues by stating that both nations may benefit by learning from one another’s experiences in order to accommodate diversity and improve federalism.

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