Conversions to Christianity and Islam in India: A Historiographical Survey of the Recent Literature

Conversions to Christianity and Islam in India: A Historiographical Survey of the Recent Literature

ABSTRACT

The issue of conversion is a controversial and current topic of debate in academic circles. Conversion meant several things to many people and given different definitions by scholars of various disciplines. Conversion ultimately is what the converted individuals said it is. This paper is an attempt to look at how and why conversions to Christianity and Islam take place in India by examining the various literatures written on the topic. In the process, it is seen that conversion takes various forms and in case of Christianity and Islam where tradition transition takes place, it has inevitable socio-cultural consequences. The question of whether forced conversion took place is also dealt with. By and large, though there were instances of forced conversion, the bulk of the conversions to Christianity and Islam were due to various other factors.

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