Distribution and availability of sources of Water Supply in Rural Areas of Mizoram

Distribution and availability of sources of Water Supply in Rural Areas of Mizoram

ABSTRACT

Sources of water supply in rural areas of Mizoram can be broadly classified into four categories; among the water sources, public piped water points and village spring sources constitute major sources of water supply in rural areas while drilled water points and rain harvesting are less significant because firstly, rain water harvesting is done only during rainy seasons and secondly, drilled water point can be set up only in those rural areas which are either connected by national or state highway. It is well understood that the region owing to its tropical location and falls under the direct influence of the south west monsoon, it receive adequate amount of rainfall, besides, the region is endowed with several rivers, streams and their tributaries. In spite of the available water resources, several rural areas face acute and perpetual problem of water supply. This is mainly because several water sources are dried up mainly due to human occupation, settlement, large scale deforestation and the impact of traditional practices like shifting cultivation.

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