Encountering the British Expansion: Vandula and Ropuiliani

Encountering the British Expansion: Vandula and Ropuiliani

ABSTRACT

The 19th century Mizo history is marked by encounters with the British which eventually led to the occupation of the Mizo hills by the end of the century. to the British, it was the ‘raids’, a disturbance in their frontier but to the Mizos, it was an assertion of their territorial claim, a retaliation to the intrusion made by the aliens to their territory. While the British considered that the policy of conciliation proved ineffective, the Mizos as a whole had very little idea about the attempt. Therefore, it was through forceful subjugation that the Mizos were brought under the British rule. Not surprisingly, many chiefs continued to hold their stand against the British even after the Chin Lushai Expedition of 1889-90 that ushered their permanent establishment in the Mizo Hills. The most famous among them were Chief Vandula and his wife Ropuiliani.

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