Spatial Analysis of Water Supply in Rural Areas of Siaha District, Mizoram

Spatial Analysis of Water Supply in Rural Areas of Siaha District, Mizoram

ABSTRACT

Sources of water supply in rural areas of Siaha District can be broadly classified into four categories, namely; public piped water points, village spring sources, drilled water points and rain water harvesting. Among the water sources as mentioned above; public piped water points and village spring sources constitute major sources of water supply in rural areas. The other two sources such as drilled water points and rain harvesting are less significant because firstly, rain water harvesting is done only during rainy seasons and secondly, drilled water point can be set up only in those rural areas which are either connected by national or state highway. It is well understood that the region owing to its tropical location and falls under the direct influence of the south west monsoon, it receives adequate amount of rainfall, besides, the region is endowed with several rivers, streams and their tributaries. In spite of the available water resources, several rural areas face acute and perpetual problem of water supply. This is mainly because several water sources are dried up mainly due to human occupation, settlement, large-scale deforestation and the impact of traditional practices like shifting cultivation.

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